Canada-United States Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement

April 8, 2021 6:16 pm

Second, based on the intended use in future CMAA negotiations, this cross-sectional PIA includes an assessment of the updated Canadian text of the CMAA model based on existing goC privacy policies and policies, as well as internal information and information security policies. Following the new CMAA negotiations, additional or up-to-date assessments of data protection risks will be carried out and will be attached in future annexes to this cross-cutting PIA. As international trade continues to grow and becomes increasingly complex, customs administrations also need to implement broader functions to meet the needs of such a situation. Since the Commission`s customs administrations are not sufficient to meet growing trade needs, customs administrations around the world are working to establish mutual cooperation in customs matters, such as facilitating customs clearance or border control, and therefore sign mutual legal assistance agreements in the area of customs trade (CMAA) as the legal basis for further cooperation. The Joint Committee must ensure that the agreement is properly implemented and has considered all issues arising from its application. B all issues related to the application of customs rules in trade (classification of goods, problems of origin, etc.) or the future evolution of customs legislation (computerization, code change). It also serves as a forum for discussion and preparation of meetings with international organizations such as the WCO. These agreements are part of the European Community`s customs cooperation strategy for third countries. They focus on strengthening customs cooperation to ensure the importance of such a regulatory framework due to the explosion in volume growth and the complexity of international trade. High requirements are imposed on customs authorities around the world.

Since state resources are unable to keep up with this expanding trade, customs administrations need mutual assistance as a powerful investigative tool. The CMAA provides Canada with a legal basis for the exchange of customs information with foreign governments to prevent, investigate and combat customs violations, including customs fraud, and to provide mutual assistance to ensure the proper application of customs legislation. Under the CMAA, Canada can exchange customs information on: people, goods and means of transportation; planned activities, currently underway or completed, which constitute or appear to constitute a customs offence on the territory of the country requesting the data; Good practices in law enforcement; New and emerging trends, means or methods for committing customs offences; and facilitate risk assessment activities within the CBSA`s mandate and powers. In June 1967, the Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), which changed its name to the World Customs Organization (WHO), defined the content of the “customs mutual assistance agreement model”; and most of the countries participating in the WCO are adopting this model as a project for the signing of a CMAA.