Schengen Association Agreement NorwayApril 12, 2021 5:32 am
At many external border crossing points, there are special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens (as well as family members) and other routes for all travellers, regardless of nationality.  At some border crossing points at the external border, there is a third route for Schedule II travellers (i.e. third-country/EEA/Swiss nationals who are exempt from the visa requirement).  Although Andorran and San Marines citizens are not EU or EEA citizens, they may use special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens.  British citizens will not be able to use the EU`s trace after Brexit under current rules, unless such a right is introduced into the Brexit deal with the EU. Since the signing of the Luxembourg Agreement on 19 December 1996 between the 13 Member States of the European Union that signed the Schengen Agreements and the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway, the latter two states have been involved in discussions on the implementation, implementation and development of the Schengen Agreements and related provisions. One of the most important is the 2001 agreement on Norway`s participation in the Dublin acquis, which sets out the criteria and mechanisms for defining the state responsible for considering an asylum application in a Schengen or EU member state. It also means that Norway has access to Eurodac, the European register for fingerprints of asylum seekers. After Slovakia, Denmark, the Czech Republic and Poland announced in mid-March the complete closure of their national borders, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said that “some controls may be justified, but the World Health Organization does not consider general travel bans to be the most effective. In addition, they have strong social and economic repercussions, disrupting people`s lives and affairs across borders.  Von der Leyen also apologised to Italy, amid widespread Italian discontent over Europe`s lack of solidarity.  Until the end of March 2020, almost all of Schengen`s internal borders were closed to non-essential travel. By July 2020, most of the borders closed due to coronavirus had been reopened. The disagreement between the Member States led to a deadlock in the abolition of border controls within the Community, but in 1985, five of the ten Member States at the time, namely Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany, signed an agreement on the phasing out of border controls.
The agreement was signed on the river boat Princess Marie-Astrid in Moselle, near the city of Schengen, Luxembourg, where the territories of France, Germany and Luxembourg meet. Three of the signatories of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands had already abolished common border controls under the Benelux Economic Union. [Citation required] Before reaching an agreement with a neighbouring country, the Schengen State must obtain the authorisation of the European Commission, which must certify that the draft agreement complies with the regulation. The agreement can only be concluded if the neighbouring EEA state and the Swiss on the Schengen side of the border area at least grant reciprocal rights and accept the repatriation of those who have abused the border agreement. CONSIDERING the purpose and purpose of the Luxembourg Agreement to ensure the maintenance of the existing regime between the five Nordic states, in accordance with the agreement on the abolition of passport controls at the internal borders of the Nordic Passport Union, signed in Copenhagen on 12 July 1957, as soon as the Nordic Member States of the European Union participate in the regime of abolition of controls of persons at the internal borders in accordance with the Schengen agreement; The provisions of the Treaty of Amsterdam on the integration of Schengen cooperation into the EU have meant the need for a new institutional framework and the need for a new agreement between Norway, Iceland and the EU.